Bamboo is a very sustainable plant: it grows quickly, easily, and does not require fertilizer, pesticides, or replanting. GMOs are generally not used. Bamboo improves the soil quality, helps to rebuild eroded soil and prevents soil erosion. Bamboo plantations also reduce greenhouse gases. Clothes made with bamboo are 100% biodegradable.
The main environmental issue with bamboo fiber, as mentioned in the relevant section, lies in the process of transforming the plant into a textile, which normally involves harmful chemicals.
However, manufacturers such as Monocel® have developed a process which does without chemical additives as well as recycling the solution and the water involved in the process.
There is also a “mechanical” process to make bamboo clothing, often called bamboo linen. The process does not involve chemicals and is 100% eco-friendly. However, worldwide production of bamboo linen is very limited because of its cost.